Once upon a time, humanity kept time by the phases of the Moon. "Month" even comes from the word "Moon". Full Moons were named after the qualities of (or events occurring in) the time of year during which they occurred, thus keeping us in tune with the cycle of seasons.
The common folk names for Moons originated from the daily experiences of Native American tribes in the northeast. We also might follow in their tradition and devise contemporary names for the monthly full Moons.
August 20, 2013: Sturgeon Moon
August was peak season for the sturgeon, a large fish found in the Great Lakes. The colonists also called this full Moon Red Moon, for its red-tinged hue from the summer haze, or the Dog Day's Moon, after the bright star Sirius (also called the Dog Star) high in the sky. To us, this could also be known as the Back-to-School Moon or the Barbeque Moon.
September 19, 2013: Harvest Moon
The Harvest Moon is the full Moon closest to the autumn equinox. The evening skies were brightly lit during the nights of the full Moon, allowing farmers to work late in fields to harvest their crops. Even today we still call this bright full Moon the Harvest Moon, though we might add the Homecoming Moon or the Football Moon.
October 18, 2013: Hunter's Moon
As leaves changed colors and tribes stored food for the winter, the Hunter's Moon (also called the Blood Moon) was named for the animals hunted in the thinning fields and forests. The Halloween Moon might be our name for this full Moon, or perhaps the World Series Moon, for sports fans.
November 17, 2013: Beaver Moon
Beaver Moon was named for the beavers and other animals preparing for the approaching winter. In honor of our annual turkey-day feast, today we might call this the Thanksgiving Day Moon, or even the Black Friday Moon.
December 17, 2013: Cold Moon
December's full Moon is named for the deepening grip of winter weather days. The name Long Night Moon pays homage to winter's solstice, the longest night of the year in the northern hemisphere. Europeans also called this the Moon before Yule. The Holiday Moon still shines over our 'Tis-the-Season bustle.
January 16, 2014: Wolf Moon
Wolves howled in the cold snowy forests of January, preying on those who strayed too far into their territory. The New Year's Resolution Moon, the Holiday Exchanges Moon, or the Super Bowl Moon might headline our list of 21st-century January Moon names.
February 14, 2014: Snow Moon
Late winter often brings the heaviest snows to the northeast region, inspiring the name Snow Moon. The last Moon of winter was also called the Hunger Moon, for the stores of food running low after months of cold. We might also celebrate this full Moon with hearts and flowers as the Valentine's Moon. (Or if you're in New Orleans, the Marti Gras Moon.)
March 16, 2014: Worm Moon
Spring is in the air during the March full Moon; this Moon was known by many names. Some called it the Sap Moon, for the sap rising in the trees; the Worm Moon, for the earthworms moving after the thaw, and the Crow Moon for the returning of birds after their winter migration. We might include the Spring Break Moon, March Madness Moon, Academy Awards Moon or the Spring Cleaning Moon.
April 15, 2014: Pink Moon
The Pink Moon is named after the pink phlox, first flowers of spring. Some tribes also named it the Sprouting Grass Moon or the Egg Moon. We might favor the Easter Moon, the Earth Day Moon, or the Prom Moon. (We might also call it the Tax Moon, but it may not catch on so well!)
May 14, 2014: Flower Moon
May's flowers also lent their name to this Moon. It was also called the Planting Moon for sowing the seeds for the summer crop. Mom's Moon would be an appropriate tribute for Mother's Day, or Soldier's Moon, for Memorial Day.
June 13, 2014: Strawberry Moon
Strawberries ripen across the Northeast in June, giving this Moon its name. It was known to Europeans as the Rose Moon, Bright Moon or the Hare Moon. Our start of summer rituals might lend their names to June's Moon -- Dad's Moon, Graduation Moon or Wedding Moon.
July 22, 2014: Thunder Moon
Summer thunderstorms raced across the July skies, and this Moon was named for them. Other folk names included the Buck Moon, for the new antlers appearing on buck deer, or the Hay Moon, for when hay fields were harvested. Today's Americans might call this the Fireworks Moon, the Vacation Moon -- or the Air-Conditioning Moon!