The history of the Moon's mythos is a labyrinthian tale. Every educated culture, from the cradle of civilization in Mesopotamia to the Greeks and Romans, has a different name and identity for the Moon as a deity representing femininity.
Diana, known as Artemis in Greek myth, was the goddess of the Moon and of the hunt. Her purity was such that no man was permitted to watch her bathe, which she often did during the full Moon. Several stories delineate the consequences visited upon men who unexpectedly come upon her during one of these midnight swims.
This connection between women and Moon phases, or certain times of the month, appears over and over again in Moon mythologies.
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